All About Orthopedic Physical Therapy

 

Physiotherapy is one of the most effective methods of rehabilitation and treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system in combination with other methods. It allows you to gently affect the tissues, helping to improve their condition.

 

Physiotherapy can be used both independently and in combination with other methods – medication, exercise therapy, massage. However, its use makes it possible to partially or completely abandon some drugs. In orthopedics and traumatology, physiotherapy can speed up the recovery and function of tissues: muscles, ligaments, tendons, bones, etc.

 

What physiotherapy is using for

 

In orthopedics and traumatology, physiotherapy is used to treat the following diseases:

 

  • inflammation of the joints;
  • osteoarthritis;
  • arthritis and arthrosis;
  • contractures;
  • complex union of fractures;
  • osteochondrosis, scoliosis, and other diseases of the spine;
  • injuries to ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

 

It is also actively used in the postoperative period to accelerate the restoration of tissue integrity and metabolic processes.

 

Tips To Find An Orthopedic Specialist

 

An orthopedic specialist develops an individual treatment program for each patient, determines the required method, intensity of exposure, duration. Before starting the course of procedures, it is imperative to consult a specialist.

 

It is important to understand:

 

  • There are contraindications to each method of physiotherapy.
  • A specific method of treatment is prescribed by a physiotherapist, based on indications, contraindications, the presence of additional physiotherapy equipment – inductors, electrodes, special sensors, etc.

 

Therefore, you must take a responsible approach to the issue of choosing a specialist. This must be a qualified specialist with the appropriate certification. It is desirable that the doctor has good experience, has a lot of reviews and a good reputation.

 

The Benefits Of Orthopedic Treatment 

 

Physiotherapy treatment includes a complex combination of various methods that are selected individually for each patient, depending on the injury and tissue condition. In orthopedics, the following methods are used for rehabilitation after injuries, operations, and in the treatment of various conditions:

 

  • magnetotherapy;
  • laser therapy;
  • electrophoresis;
  • ultrasound;
  • shock wave therapy.

 

They affect in different ways. If necessary, additional medications are used – ointments, which penetrate better when exposed to physiotherapeutic procedures.

 

Magnetotherapy

 

This method acts on the treatment area using special magnetic fields of a fixed frequency and shape, continuous or variable. It has the following effect:

 

  • removal of inflammation;
  • relief from pain;
  • elimination of puffiness;
  • improvement of blood microcirculation;
  • muscle relaxant effect;
  • acceleration of bone and soft tissue healing.

 

Magnetotherapy has a long-term effect that lasts for a long time: for several months, up to six months.

 

Laser therapy

 

The method affects tissues using a high concentration light-chromium beam. It stimulates processes in the tissues that promote blood flow and increase blood circulation in the area of ​​application.

 

Laser therapy has the following effect:

 

  • antibacterial effect;
  • elimination of puffiness and inflammation;
  • relieving pain;
  • stimulation of tissue healing.

 

Due to this effect, pain is relieved and inflammation is eliminated, and tissue regeneration is accelerated.

 

Electrophoresis

 

Treatment with a current of various frequencies and modifications. In the affected area, blood microcirculation and metabolic processes are improved. The method also has the following effects:

 

  • prevention of contractures;
  • increased muscle tone;
  • removal of edema;
  • elimination of pain.

 

In the presence of stagnant processes and inflammation, electrotherapy effectively eliminates them, accelerating tissue regeneration.

 

Complex physiotherapy methods have an irreplaceable therapeutic effect on tissues and help accelerate rehabilitation and recovery after treatment and operations.